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ACROSS AFRICA BY RAIL Developing the Mineral Resources of the Congo.

ACROSS AUSTRALIA BY TRAIN Pioneers of an Unparalleled Wilderness.

AERIAL MOUNTAIN RAILWAYS By F. A. Talbot The Method of Alpine Viewing which is Safe, Luxurious, Rapid and Popular.

AERIAL RAILWAYS A Novel Form of Transport for Conveying Goods and Passengers in Mountainous Districts.

AMERICAN "COMET" A Diesel-Electric Express of Remarkable Design.

AMERICA'S FIRST TRAINS Their Origins and Early Developments.

ARTICULATED LOCOMOTIVES Their Evolution and Advantages.

ATMOSPHERIC RAILWAY An Attempt to Drive Trains by Air Pressure.

AUSTRIA'S RAIL TRANSPORT Progressive Development in a Mountainous Country.

AUTOMATIC SAFETY Systems of Automatic Train Control

AVOIDING THE AVALANCHESome Ingenious Protective Measures Adopted by Swiss Engineers.

BELGIUM'S STEEL NETWORKThe Most Concentrated System in the World.

BRIGHTON'S ELECTRIC RAILWAY The First Electric Line in Great Britain

BRITISH DIESEL RAIL COACHES A Challenge to the Competition of the Road

BRITISH ENTERPRISE IN SOUTH AMERICA The Activities of Two Important Systems.

BRITISH RAILPLANE Overhead Streamlined Trains.

BUILDING THE WORLD’S LOFTIEST BRIDGE By F. A. Talbot The Central Span of the Fades Viaduct is Higher than the Topmost Point of the Forth Bridge

BURMA'S METRE-GAUGE SYSTEM Developing the Resources of a Rich Territory.

CAPE TOWN-JOHANNESBURG EXPRESS Through Africa's Gateway into the World's Largest Goldfields.

CHANNEL TUNNEL, THE Ambitious Schemes for a Non-Stop journey from London to Paris

"CHELTENHAM FLYER" Great Britian's Fastest Start-to-Stop Schedule.

CHICAGO'S UNIQUE UNDERGROUND A Remarkable Urban Transport System.

COACHES FOR ROAD OR RAIL Experimental Services Designed to Speed-up Travel

"COCK O' THE NORTH" Secrets of One of Britain's Most Famous Locomotives.

CONQUEST OF CANADA How Pioneers thrust the Railway across a Vast Continent.

CONQUEST OF THE CLOUDS How Courageous Engineers fought Snow, Ice and Avalanche.

CONTINENTAL LOCOMOTIVES Evolution of some Powerful European Types

"CORNISH RIVIERA EXPRESS" A Non-Stop Journey of Over 225 Miles in Four Hours.

CROSS-COUNTRY ROUTES Fast Services that Link Important Centres.

CRUISING BY TRAIN Novel Holiday Fashions have been Introduced by the Railways

DEFYING DEATH VALLEYThe Stupendous Drama of the Men who Drove a Railway Across Fiery Desert Sands

DETECTING RAIL DEFECTS Remarkable Safety Apparatus that Discovers Invisible Flaws

DEVELOPMENT OF MALAYA, THE A Line that Brought Prosperity to the Jungle

DIESEL LOCOMOTIVES The Construction of and Performance Obtained from the Oil Engine

DIESEL SHUNTING LOCOMOTIVES Economical Traction for Special Services

DOORWAY TO CANADA Developing a Dominion Along the Steel Highway

DRIVING A LOCOMOTIVE A Trip on The Footplate at Seventy Miles an Hour

DRIVERLESS SUBWAY TRAINS Carrying Mails Eighty Feet Below London Streets

DURING THE RUSH HOURS How the Railways Serve their Regular Passengers

ELECTRIC POWER ON THE GRAND SCALE The Greatest Suburban Electrification Scheme in the World

ELECTRIC TRACTION A Vital Developmen in the History of The Railway

ELECTRIFICATION OVERSEAS Development of Power Schemes in the Dominions

ELEVATED AND MONO-RAILWAYS Lines that Run Above City Streets

ENGINEERING EQUIPMENT Speeding Up Modern Railroad Construction

ENGINEERING IN NEW ZEALAND - NORTH ISLAND The conquest of nature in the Antipodes

ENGINEERING IN NEW ZEALAND - SOUTH ISLAND Outstanding Achievements in the South Island

EVOLUTION OF COMPOUND LOCOMOTIVES Improvements in Applied Steam Expansion

FAMOUS RAILWAY CENTRES : YORK The Working of an Important Northern Junction

FAMOUS VIADUCTS How the Railway is Carried Across River and Valley

FESTINIOG RAILWAY A Remarkable Narrow Gauge Line in North Wales

FLOODS, FIRE AND EARTHQUAKE The Railway's Unceasing Battle with the Forces of Nature

"FLYING HAMBURGER" Germany's Contribution to Streamline Design

"FLYING SCOTSMAN" An Express that has Earned World-wide Renown for Comfort Combined with Speed

FROM BRITTANY TO THE RHINE Three Great French Trunk Railways

FROM IRON ORE TO STEEL RAIL The Manufacture of Modem Railway Lines

GATEWAY TO BRAZIL The Trunk Line that Climbs a Precipice

GERMANY AND HOLLAND The Railway Systems of Two Progressive Countries

"GLACIER EXPRESS" A Journey Through the Heart of Switzerland

GOLD COAST, THE A Railway Through the African Jungle

"GOLDEN ARROW" London's Link with Europe and the Orient

GREAT APENNINE TUNNEL Engineering Marvels of the Bologna-Florence "Direttissima" Route

GREAT NORTH ROAD OF STEEL An Epic Story of the Courage and Endurance that built Britain's Highway to Scotland

GREAT ST. GOTHARD How Switzerland's Wonder-Line Threads its Way through the Alps

GROWTH OF LONDON'S TRANSPORT Transport for a Great City

HILL LINES OF INDIA Construction and Operation of Some Steeply Graded Routes

HIMALAYAN LOOP LINE Remarkable Engineering Devices on an Indian Mountain Railway

HOW A LOCOMOTIVE IS BUILT A Giant of the Railway Takes Shape

HOW ESCALATORS WORK Speeding Up Modern Passenger Transport

HOW MIGHTY ARE THE "KINGS" The Evolution and Working of the Great Western Railway's most powerful locomotive "King George V"

INDUSTRIAL RAILWAYS The Operation of Two Small but Remarkable Systems

INDUSTRIAL RAILWAYS 2 Important Private Lines in Great Britain

IN NORTHERN AFRICA The Railways of Morocco, Tunisia, and Algeria

IRELAND'S RAILWAY SYSTEM From small beginnings to great achievements

ISLAND RAILWAYS Self-contained Systems of Unusual Interest

ITALY'S CHILLED FREIGHT The Wonders of Refrigerated Railway Transport

JAPANESE CABLE RAILWAY, A Climbing to the Summit of Mount Rokko San

LABOUR- AND TIME-SAVING TRACK-LAYER AND ITS WORK By F. A. Talbot A Wonderful Machine for Laying Railways along Great Distances

LOCOMOTIVE GIANTS - 1 By F. A. Talbot Showing the Development of the Huge American Locomotives


LOCOMOTIVE SPEED RECORDS Some Famous Runs of the Past

LOCOMOTIVE TYPES The Classification of Engines

LOCOMOTIVE VALVE GEARS The Control of Steam in a Railway Engine

LONDON'S FIRST RAILWAYS The Forerunners of a Vast Network

MAGIC OF MODERN SIGNALS - 1 New Electrical Devices ensure Safety and Speed

MAGIC OF MODERN SIGNALS - 2 Controlling Speed and Direction of Trains by Electricity

MAGIC OF THE ANDES Climbing Through the Clouds in South America

MAIN LINES OF BRAZIL Developing One of the World's Largest Countries

MILAN CENTRAL STATION Behind the Scenes of the Largest Station in Europe

MINIATURE RAILWAYS The Fascination of Lilliputian Lines at Home and Abroad

MIXED TRAFFIC LOCOMOTIVES Tender and Tank Engines for Freight and General Service

MODEL RAILWAYS Extensive Organizations that are Run in Miniature

MODEL RAILWAYS - 2 Details of Some Miniature Lines

MODERN LOCOMOTIVES Some Representative Designs from all over the World

MODERN TRANSPORT IN INDIA A System that Serves More than 350,000,000 People

MOSCOW'S UNDERGROUND Russia's Capital Solves Its Transport Problem

NEW AND NOVEL ARTICULATED LOCOMOTIVE By F. A. Talbot An Ingeniously Constructed Engine Which May Mark a New Era in Locomotive Design

NEW ITALIAN CABLEWAYS Conquering the Heights by Aerial Transport

NEW YORK'S LIFE-LINE An All-Freight Service Above City Streets

NIGERIA AND SIERRA LEONE The Influence of the Railway in West Africa

NORTH AMERICAN RAILROADS Vast Systems which Span a Continent

"ORIENT EXPRESS" Across Europe from London to Istambul

OUT TO SEA BY TRAIN How a Railway was Carried over a Hundred Miles across the Waters of the Mexican Gulf

OVER RIVER AND LAKE Railways that Span the World's Waterways

PENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD A Giant System that Operates 30,000 Miles of Track

PERMANENT WAY Construction and Maintenance of the Railroad

PERTH GENERAL STATION The Hub of the Scottish Main Lines

PIONEERING IN NYASALAND An Important Link with the East African Coast

POLAND'S MAIN LINES A New Country Creates an Important Railway System

POWER FOR LONDON'S TRANSPORT A Generating Station for the Supply of Electricity

POWER PRODUCTION IN THE ALPS Supplying Electricity to the Swiss Lines

PROGRESS IN RHODESIA An Important System in the Heart of Africa

RACK RAIL LOCOMOTIVES Carrying Trains Over Mountainous Gradients

RAIL-CARS OF FRANCE Lightweight Expresses Evolved by French Engineers

RAIL-CARS ON RUBBER TYRES Modem Methods that Seek to Overcome the Noise Problem

RAILWAY CLEARING HOUSE Checking Rail Transport Revenue

RAILWAY INVASION OF THE GOLD COAST By F. A. Talbot How the Sekondi-Coomassie Railway was Driven Through the Primeval Forests

RAILROADS OF JAPAN Steel Highways in the Land of the Rising Sun

RAILROADS OF NORWAY Bold Engineering in the Land of the Midnight Sun

RAILWAY ARCHITECTURE Designs That Combine Elegance and Utility

RAILWAY CARRIAGE, THE From Wooden Chariot to All-Steel Pullman

RAILWAYS' DAILY WORK, THE Widespread Activities of Four Great Companies

RAILWAYS IN THE NILE VALLEY Train Operation in Modern Egypt

RAILWAYS OF CALEDONIA The Steel Highway in Beautiful Scotland

RAILWAYS UNDER LONDON Driving Iron Tubes Far Below the Streets of the Metropolis

RAILWAY TAKES ALL Special Rolling Stock Must Carry the Strangest Loads

ROLLING STOCK CONSTRUCTION Special Methods Adopted to Meet Modem Demands

ROMANCE OF A STATION Some Sidelights on the Many Problems of Administration

ROMANCE OF THE L.N.E.R. From the World's First Steam Railway to the "Flying Scotsman"

ROMANCE OF THE RAILWAY TICKET The Story Behind the Slip of Pasteboard

"ROYAL SCOT" ROUTE The Northward Journey of a Famous British Express

ROYAL TRAINS The Historical Interest of Special Transport Provided for Royalty

RUSSIA AND SIBERIA A Century of Progress in Rail Transport

SANTA FE "CHIEF" A Journey of 2,228 Miles across the United States

SCOTTISH DISTRICT SUBWAY Glasgow's Unique Underground Railways

SCOTTISH MOUNTAIN RAILWAYS Fascinating Routes Through the Lovely Highlands

SEEN FROM THE TRAIN The Meaning of Familiar Objects along the Track

SEVERN TUNNEL One of the Longest Underwater Tunnels in the World

SLIP COACHES Dividing Express Trains at Speed

SOLVING THE SMOKE PROBLEM A Novel Aspect of Railway Engine Designing

SOME GERMAN ACHIEVEMENTS Outstanding Developments in Railway Transport

SORTING GOODS WAGONS The Fascinating Story of Whitemoor Marshalling Yards, where Goods Wagons are Swiftly and Automatically made up into New Trains


SPECIAL PASSENGER TRAFFIC How the Railways Handle Emergencies and Seasonal Crowds

SPEED TRAINS OF BRITAIN Main Line Stretches Where the Fastest Runs are Made

SPEED TRAINS OF EUROPE Routes and Records of Some Prominent Continental Expresses

SPEED TRAINS OF JAVA The World's Fastest Narrow-Gauge Trains

SPEED TRAINS OF NORTH AMERICA Fifteen Thousand Miles a Day Scheduled at Sixty Miles an Hour

SPENDING MILLIONS TO SAVE MINUTES by F. A. Talbot Many Great Railways in Different Parts of the World have had to be reconstructed to meet Modern Requirements

STATE LINES OF LATVIA Growth of a Modem European System

STATIONS AND THEIR STORY Stopping Places of Unusual Interest

STOPPING THE TRAIN The Working of the Westinghouse Automatic Air-Brake

STORY OF THE G.W.R. Over 9,000 Miles of Track Developed in a Century

STORY OF THE L.M.S. Nation-Wide Ramifications of Britain's Largest System

STORY OF THE LOCOMOTIVE - 1 A Fascinating Record of Railway Engine Progress over a Century

STORY OF THE LOCOMOTIVE - 2 The Development of the Railway Engine after the Rainhill Trials

STORY OF THE LOCOMOTIVE - 3 Developments During the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century

STORY OF THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY London's Link with the South Coast

TANK ENGINES Design and Development of the Railway "Maids-of-all-Work"

"TAURUS EXPRESS" A Romantic Journey through Asia Minor

TELESCOPIC DOUBLE-LIFT BRIDGE By F. A. Talbot An Ingenious Engineering Development to Cope with Railway, Shipping and Vehicular Traffic

TESTING A LOCOMOTIVE How the Efficiency of a Modern Railway Engine is Proved

THREE JOINT RAILWAYS Combined Enterprises in the East, North-West, and South of England

THROUGH DESERT AND JUNGLE From the Nile to Mombasa

THROUGH THE OLD YORK MUSEUM A Fascinating Record of More than a Century of Railway Progress

TICKET AND CHANGE MACHINES Mechanical Aids that Speed-up Travel

TIME TABLES Early and Modern Guides to Link the Railway Services

TRACK'S HEAVY ARTILLERY, THE Necessity has Forced Invention to Overcome Forbidding Obstacles of Nature

"TRAIN FERRIES" Some Remarkable Examples of Trans-ocean Transport

"TRANS-CANADA LIMITED" Across Prairie and Mountain Ranges—from Montreal to Vancouver

"TRANS SIBERIAN EXPRESS" From Europe to the Far East by the World's most Cosmopolitan Train

TRAVELLING BY TRAIN IN CHINA Notable Rail Developments in the Far East

TRAVELLING POST OFFICES Handling His Majesty's Mails at Seventy Miles an Hour

TRAVEL IN AUSTRALIA Southern Systems of a Vast Continent

TUNNELLING AGAINST TIME The Wonderful Story of America's Eight-Mile Tunnel through the Cascade Mountains

"ULSTER EXPRESS" Royal Mail Service between London and Northern Ireland

UNCONVENTIONAL LOCOMOTIVES Some Notable Examples of Unorthodox Construction

UNDERGROUND AND OVERHEAD LINES Important Railways which Serve Foreign Cities

UNION PACIFIC STREAMLINED EXPRESS Flying on land from the Atlantic Coast to the Pacific Coast

VACUUM AUTOMATIC BRAKE, THE Stopping Trains by Atmospheric Pressure

WHEN RAILWAYS WERE NEW The Struggle Against Prejudice and Superstition

WORLD’S MOST FAMOUS RAILWAY By F. A. Talbot How the London and North Western Line Was Founded and has Developed

All the below pages are hosted on EngRailHistory.info

Index of Pages - Updated 01/2012

A LONDON LOOP ROAD The North Circular Road links the eastern, northern and western suburbs, and enables through traffic to avoid the congested areas of Central London.

A TRIUMPH OF SPEED The world's record for speed on land was for many years held by Sir Malcolm Campbell. In November 1937 George Eyston, in his powerful and heavy car Thunderbolt, achieved a new record, with a speed of 312.20 miles an hour over the measured kilometre.

ACROSS THE ANDES In the face of unparalleled difficulties, aggravated by the climate, engineers in South America have succeeded in building railways across the world's second highest mountain range. These include the Peruvian Central Railway, in Peru, and the Transandine Railway, between the Argentine and Chile.

ACROSS THE GREAT SALT LAKE For twelve miles across the storm-swept Great Salt Lake in Utah the world's longest trestle bridge was built by railway engineers to shorten by forty-three miles the route of the Central Pacific Railway.

AIRSHIP DESIGN AND EQUIPMENT The German airship Hindenburg has a maximum gas capacity exceeding 7,000,000 cubic feet, nearly twice that of her predecessor, the Graf Zeppelin. The regularity of the Hindenburg's transatlantic crossings makes her an outstanding example of modern engineering practice.

ALPINE TUNNELS Piercing the immense barriers of the Alps are four long tunnels—the Mont Cenis, St. Gotthard, Simplon and Lötschberg—which were, at the time of their building, unprecedented triumphs of engineering skill.

AN OVERLAND CANAL Instead of using navigational locks, barges on the unique Overland Canal, in East Prussia, are hauled between different levels on wagons running on sees of rails.

AQUEDUCTS TO MANCHESTER A great part of the water supply for the city of Manchester comes from the Lake District, about a hundred miles away. From Thirlmere and Haweswater, natural lakes enlarged to form reservoirs, the water is carried to Manchester in pipe lines and tunnel aqueducts. Thirlmere supplies about 40,000,000 gallons of water a day and Haweswater is designed to supply no fewer than 75,000,000 gallons a day.

ARTESIAN BORES IN AUSTRALIA Underneath the parched lands of Australia lies a great subterranean reservoir, extending below one-fifth of the whole continent. By drilling numerous artesian wells, engineers have brought the waters to the surface in their efforts to combat the menace of drought.

ARTESIAN WELLS In certain parts of the world extensive areas are largely and sometimes entirely dependent on deep-bore wells for their water supply. Such deep-bore wells are called artesian because they were originally supposed to have originated in Artois, France.

BATTERSEA POWER STATION Electric power for the many purposes of a modern city is generated in the enormous power station at Battersea, London. The power station is one of the most advanced of the great generating centres now in the service of the electrical engineer.

BRITAIN'S ELECTRIC POWER SUPPLIES Electricity has been made available in every part of Great Britain by a national network of transmission lines which link the powerful generating stations with local undertakings all over the country.

BUILDING THE BOULDER DAM The flow of the mighty Colorado River has been controlled by the building of one of the world's greatest barrages. The Boulder Dam gave employment to six thousand men for four and a half years.

CANALS ACROSS SWEDEN Despite the natural obstacles to canal building in Sweden, the country is equipped with a fine system of waterways which run inland from Göteborg to Stockholm. Many of the canals were of early origin and for their time were remarkable examples of civil engineering.

CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION Before moving forms were introduced for concrete work, an average of nine days had to elapse from the time of pouring to the striking of forms. New methods have enabled concrete buildings to be raised much more quickly.

CONQUEST OF THE DESERT Hundreds of thousands of acres of land in the Sudan have been reclaimed from the desert and irrigated by the building of the Sennar Dam across the Blue Nile.

CONTROLLING THE THAMES The River Thames, from its source to Teddington, Middlesex, is controlled by the Thames Conservancy, which is responsible for the maintenance of locks, weirs and other works, as well as for the control of the water level and of navigation.

DOVER-DUNKIRK TRAIN FERRY Railway communications between Great Britain and the continent of Europe have been much facilitated by the train ferry across the English Channel between Dover and Dunkirk. For the first time, passengers are able to travel to or from the Continent without changing trains.

EARLY STEAM COACHES The story of steam coaches which were tried before railways were developed is romantic and important. It was in road transport that the earliest experiments in the propulsion of carriages by steam power first showed signs of success.



ELECTRIC POWER FROM MERCURY The problems of converting the heat contained in fuel into useful work with greater economy have led engineers to consider some other fluid than water as a transmitting medium. Mercury is being used in the boilers and turbines in some power stations in the United States.


EMPIRE FLYING BOATS Twenty-eight flying boats of advanced design, each weighing 18 tons and having a speed of 200 miles an hour, have been designed for use on important overseas air routes in the British Empire.

ENGINEERING MODELS The effects of large-scale engineering schemes, such as harbour works, hydro-electric plant or river control, can be studied beforehand by the use of scale models, of which some remarkable examples have been made.

FASCINATION OF THE CARIBBEAN Separated from the Atlantic by a chain of islands of great variety and beauty, the Caribbean Sea, though sometimes swept by terrible hurricanes, has many attractions. It has been restored to the trade routes of the world by the opening of the Panama Canal.

FIGHT AGAINST FIRE, THE To protect structures from possible damage by fire many ingenious precautions are taken when building is in progress. To extinguish outbreaks speedily fire engineers have devised many efficient appliances large and small.

"FILLING THE WORLD WITH AMAZEMENT" The Panorama of Aeronautical Achievement

FIRST THAMES TUNNEL, THE The building of an underwater tunnel even to-day calls for great engineering skill and courage. A century ago Marc Isambard Brunel and the engineers who drove the Thames Tunnel between Wapping and Rotherhithe had none of the specialized mechanical aids available to the modern engineer.

FROM TIMBER TO NEWSPRINT To produce sufficient paper for one edition of a newspaper, nearly a hundred acres of forest must be felled, the timber must be transformed into pulp and the pulp into newsprint or paper by treatment in a number of ingenious machines.

FUEL FOR THE MODERN STEELWORKS Steel requires, in the making, such large quantities of fuel that the coke ovens of a steelworks are in themselves important examples of engineering practice. These ovens make the coke which is used for smelting the iron ore from which steel is derived.

GIANT OF THE ETHER A group of twelve towering masts at Rugby is the outward sign of a modern engineering marvel and a vast radio organization that links Great Britain with ships on the high seas and with every corner of the world.

GIANT TELESCOPES There are few scientific instruments made to-day which call for such precision in their assembly as modern telescopes. As these instruments may weigh 100 tons or more and have mirrors several tons in weight, their building calls for great engineering skill.

GREAT PORTS - SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA The Golden Gate, which is the entrance to the wonderful landlocked San Francisco Bay, is one of the most romantic and historic waterways of the North American continent. Famous in the days of sail, San Francisco is now a magnificent harbour for merchant and naval vessels.

HARNESSING NIAGARA Twenty million tons of water flow hourly over Niagara Falls The utilization of this latent power is a supreme example of mastery over Nature and an engineering feat which has made Niagara River the source of the world's greatest water-power system.

HINKLER - THE BRILLIANT NAVIGATOR An Aviator whose Sense of Direction was Uncanny, Hinkler Broke Many Records in Light Aeroplanes

HOW GOLD IS MINED Modern methods of treating gold-bearing quartz and the scientific separation of gold from impurities have not destroyed the romance always associated with the discovery of gold.

HOW THE MODERN SHIP IS TESTED On the Thames at Teddington, Middlesex, is the William Froude Laboratory, where wax models of ships are tested so that a designer can tell how his vessel is likely to behave in all conditions.

HYDRO-ELECTRIC POWER IN BRAZIL In few regions are natural conditions so favourable for the production of hydro-electric power as in the Serra do Mar, São Paulo, Brazil. Here great reservoirs have been formed on a plateau at the top of the range, a short pipe line feeding the turbines in the plain below.

INTERNATIONAL EXCHANGE Telephonic communication is now possible between London and almost every country in the world.A vast network of wire and radio links is controlled from Faraday Building, London,which has become the nerve-centre of world communication.

INTO THE STRATOSPHERE The First Ascent of Over Ten Miles.

JOHN SMEATON Well known for his work on the third Eddystone Lighthouse, John Smeaton was engaged at various times on the building of bridges, waterworks, harbours and many other projects. An ardent experimentalist, Smeaton was gifted with unusual aptitude for mechanics.

LAPLAND'S ARCTIC RAILWAY Beyond the Arctic Circle in Sweden, engineers have built a railway to open up a valuable natural deposit of iron ore, and Nature has been harnessed to supply the power for the railway.

LONDON'S HYDRAULIC POWER For the transmission of power beneath the streets of London there is a network of hydraulic mains, carrying water at a pressure of 700 lb. per square inch. This hydraulic power is used for many different purposes, from driving motors to operating lifts and similar mechanisms.

LUXURY CARS AND LIGHT CARS The war of 1914-18 was indirectly responsible for the development of the small, economical car. Although progress was retarded during the war period, the motor industry made rapid strides in the immediate post-war years. Several makes of car famous to-day were introduced during that period.

MECHANICAL STORAGE OF POWER When hydro-electric power was installed to drive the machinery of two mills on the banks of the River Tweed in Peeblesshire, an ingenious system was devised to store up power while the mills were not working.

MERSEY TUNNEL, THE The world's largest underwater tunnel runs beneath the River Mersey for a distance of nearly three miles and joins Liverpool with Birkenhead. It took nine years to build and presented unusual engineering problems.

MINING FOR CHINA CLAY Devonshire and Cornwall have for centuries been among the world's richest sources of china clay. Methods of mining vary with the natural state of the deposits, and modern practice closely follows the methods used in former days.

MODERN CRANE, THE From the early type of windlass known to the Chinese thousands of years ago there have developed numerous types of crane, stationary and mobile, each designed for a special purpose.

MODERN SHOEMAKING METHODS Ingenious machines, working at remarkable speeds, are used in the large-scale production of modern footwear. Although the craftsman has been outpaced, the quality of machine-made shoes nowadays closely approaches that of shoes made by hand.

MOVING WING FLIGHT Ingenious Solutions of the Landing-Speed Problem.

NAVY GOES TO WORK, THE In peace or war, by day or by night, the Navy works unceasingly. As the guardian of the world's most widespread Empire, its diverse activities and responsibilities are unique.

NILE UNDER CONTROL, THE The flood waters of the River Nile regularly irrigate the parched lands through which the great river flows on its long descent to the Mediterranean. Having built enormous barrages, engineers have now solved the ancient problem of controlling these waters.

OIL ROUTE FROM THE EAST, THE Crude oil is transported directly from its source to the consumer through 1,150 miles of pipe line, the laying of which across the desert involved an expense of £10,000,000 and the employment of 10,000 men.

PARACHUTE LANDINGS How Emergency Equipment Has Increased Safety In Flying.

PIONEERS OF LARGE AIRCRAFT How Luxurious Air Liners were Developed from Early Handley Page Bombing Aircraft.

POWER FROM SCOTLAND'S LOCHS Of all the hydro-electric power schemes in Scotland, the largest and most recent is that in Galloway. Numerous dams, aqueducts, tunnels and other engineering works were built to provide the power for five generating stations which supply current to the Grid.

R.M.S. QUEEN MARY - SUPER-LINER Beginning merely as a number—No. 534—this vessel has grown into Britain's super-liner, a masterpiece of craftsmanship, a thing of beauty, and a crowning testimony to the brains and fingers of 300,000 people.

RECLAIMING THE ZUIDER ZEE One of the largest engineering undertakings of recent times has been the reclamation of the Zuider Zee and the recovery of thousands of acres of land from the North Sea, which centuries ago robbed Holland of much valuable territory.

REFINEMENT AND EFFICIENCY Unremitting research and far-seeing enterprise have produced the motor car of to-day. Silence, reliability, economical running and controlled speed are among its characteristics. Luxury vehicles continue to make their limited appeal, but the inexpensive smaller types are now sold in vast quantities.

ROAD ENGINEERING The heavy motor traffic of to-day demands highways of a type far different from the paved roads built by Roman engineers, or the coach roads built by men such as Telford and McAdam.

ROMANCE OF MOTOR CAR MAKING Large-scale production of motor-cars is made possible by the specialization and organization of a vast number of engineering processes. The building of Morris cars affords an excellent example of the methods adopted in the industry.

ROMANCE OF THE RACING CLIPPERS A graphic account of the romantic clipper ships whose mighty deeds have added such an immortal chapter to the story of the Seven Seas.

SAGA OF THE SEA, THE Man has written his story upon the waters ever since he first went down to the sea in ships. Adventure has succeeded adventure, conquest has followed on conquest, and the wonders of the world have become known.

SAN FRANCISCO'S GREAT BRIDGES A ferry service that carried 45,000,000 people across San Francisco Bay every year has been superseded by two of the biggest bridges in the world. Built at a cost of nearly £24,000,000, they are among the most spectacular bridge-building achievements ever undertaken.

SCALING THE RAMPARTS OF BRAZIL The Sao Paulo Railway, which climbs the Serra do Mar and rises to a height of 2,625 feet in five miles, links the great plateau of Brazil with the South Atlantic Ocean. The cliffs are scaled by one of the most spectacular cable railway systems in the world.

SENTINELS OF THE SEA Extraordinary ingenuity, courage and determination are shown by the engineers who build, in dangerous and difficult conditions, the lighthouses which guide and safeguard ships at sea.

SHORT-MAYO AIRCRAFT, THE Launching a Heavily Loaded Seaplane from the Back of a Flying Boat.

SILVER MINING Fabulous wealth has been extracted for centuries from the rich and seemingly unlimited silver mines of South America and Mexico. The comparatively recent discovery of the metal in the United States and in Canada gave rise to modern scientific methods of refining.

SPANNING THE FIRTH OF FORTH The giant cantilever bridge which spans the Firth of Forth was opened in 1890 and remains one of the wonders of engineering. Built to link the railway systems of the east coast of Scotland, the Forth Bridge has a total length of more than one and a half miles.

SQUADRON LEADER IRA JONES, D.S.O. A Great Fighter who Survived the War of 1914-18 and Served with the R.A.F. in Many Fields.

STANDARDS OF ACCURACY Modern engineering demands a high degree of precision, based on accurate measurements, accurate standards of design and dimensions, and an accurate system of gauging. For example, the Imperial Standard Yard is the product of years of experiment.

STEAM TURBINE CONSTRUCTION There are two main types of steam turbine—impulse and reaction. The principles are different, but the processes construction are somewhat similar. In either type steam is caused to impinge on blades carried on a rotating part. The high speeds and stresses involved necessitate great strength and accuracy of manufacture.

STORY OF GAS PRODUCTION, THE The manufacture of gas releases valuable by-products of coal which are put to innumerable domestic and commercial uses. Coke, tar, benzole, ammonia and naphtha are among the commodities that are extracted during the distillation of gas from coal.

STORY OF OIL, THE Vast organizations, which make use of all the resources of engineering and science, have been built up to extract oil from the depths of the earth and to convert it for its many uses.


TEN YEARS OF PROGRESS The period between 1905 and 1914 saw the introduction into the motor industry of many names which have since become famous, and of many inventions which have contributed to the efficiency of the modern motor car.

"THERE SHE BLOWS !" This is the traditional cry of the whaling men, who are among the hardiest of those who go down to the sea in ships. Margarine, perfume, leather and glycerine are important by-products of whales, which are thus a link with modern civilization.

TRIUMPHS OF CANAL BUILDING The name of Brindley is always associated with the building of Great Britain's canal system, which was begun more than 100 years before the great inter-oceanic waterways such as the Suez and Panama Canals.


WORLD'S LAND SPEED RECORD, THE Sir Malcolm Campbell's record-breaking Blue Bird cars, in one of which he has attained speeds of more than 300 miles an hour, represent years of careful design and courageous experiment.

X-RAYS IN INDUSTRY Discovered by Professor W. K. Rontgen in 1895, X-rays are now used for a variety of purposes in industry, from revealing otherwise invisible defects in boiler welds to exposing fakes of old masters. Accidents such as boiler explosions can often be avoided by the timely X-ray examination of structures.

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Updated - 02/12

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